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Cuba was ruled by Spain, a Roman Catholic country, until 1902.
Under Spanish law, slaves were forced to follow the Roman Catholic faith.
Or they use the term la regla de ocha, meaning "the rule of the orishas." Creation of the Observances The honoring of Santería orishas harks back to ancient Yoruba religious practices of worshipping orishas.
Various ceremonies and rituals, including prayers, offerings, and divination, are used in honoring orishas.
Ricky "was engaged in a sophisticated choreography that descended from the African civilization of the Yoruba, long before Europe was ever deemed civilized." Obatala (aw-bah-tah-LAH) is honored at the same time as the Roman Catholic saint, Our Lady of Mercy, also known as Our Lady of Ransom, who is commemorated on September 24.
According to legend, Obatala is the chief spirit who descended from heaven on a golden chain to spread soil over a watery earth.
However, the text is never completed; priests and priestesses transcribe their varied experiences in notebooks and these are passed on to followers.
Devotees carried their belief system with them when they fled Cuba after the revolution of 1959.Sometime this story is told to educate people about AIDS and HIV. Another version says that because Babalú-Ayé did not show respect for elder orishas, he was infected with smallpox. Cuban entertainer Desi Arnaz, who played Ricky Ricardo in the 1950s sitcom "I Love Lucy," frequently sang to Babalú-Ayé while keeping the beat on a drum. Very few viewers were aware that "Ricky Ricardo was singing to Babalú-Ayé," according to author Miguel De La Torre.